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The shadow pandemic: Gender-based violence and COVID-19

1.0 Introduction
Due to the rapid rise in cases of Covid-19 which posed health hazards to Nigerians, the Federal Government on Monday 30th March 2020 imposed a total lockdown on the Federal Capital Territory, Lagos and Ogun States. In the North-Central, state governments took proactive steps towards safeguarding the health and safety of their citizens. The guidelines which were clearly spelled out by the Federal Government experienced low/moderate compliance in terms of the compulsory use of face mask/covering, while in public spaces and the ban on non-essential travels at the inception of the lockdown. However, citizens’ compliance levels drastically declined as the pandemic progressed. On the 4th of May 2020, the Federal Government announced various measures towards easing the lockdown which elapsed on the 17th of May 2020. This witnessed a gradual relaxation to the guidelines and made security personnel less stringent in enforcing government directives which prompted citizens’ low compliance with the imposed guidelines. On the 18th of May 2020, the Federal Government extended the eased lockdown which elapsed on the 2nd of June 2020. The next phase which elapsed on the 29th of June 2020 witnessed low compliance with government guidelines. This report documents developments from 30th March to 30th June 2020 in the North Central states of Benue, Kogi, Kwara, Nasarawa, Niger, and the FCT coordinated by members of the Covid-19 Nigeria Security Support Group.
As of 30th June 2020, a total number of 2,911 Covid-19 cases have been confirmed in the North Central Region with 65 recorded deaths and 1,078 discharged cases respectively. A breakdown from the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control (NCDC) indicates that there are 1,870 confirmed cases, 33 deaths, and 570 discharged cases recorded in the Federal Capital Territory (FCT). Over 70% of cases were attributed to community transmission and citizens circumventing the ban on interstate movements in connivance with compromised security personnel and were observed to continually ply in and out of all the states in the geo-political zone. Kogi state had 4 confirmed cases and no death recorded. Plateau state had 382 active cases, 197 discharged, and 10 deaths. Furthermore, Kwara state recorded 217 active cases, 131 persons discharged, and 6 deaths. Nasarawa state recorded 213 cases, 113 discharged cases, and 8 deaths. Niger recorded 116 cases, 37 discharged, and 7 deaths. Benue state had a record of 59 active cases, 30 discharged cases, and 1 death. To flatten the curve, a coordinated response is required by all citizens with support from the Federal and all state governments in the region.

2.0 Methodology
CLEEN Foundation and members of the Covid-19 Nigeria Security Support Group engaged and trained 7 state coordinators, 123 observers from across all the local government areas in the North Central region including the Federal Capital Territory. The coordinators and observers monitored, verified, and documented several cases of human rights violations by security operatives in the region in addition to citizens’ adherence to government directives during the total lockdown and second phase of the eased lockdown period. The project worked in partnership with key government oversight bodies such as the National Human Rights Commission, the Police Service Commission, and law enforcement institutions like the Nigeria Police Force (Complaints Response Unit and the Gender Desk Unit) and the Nigerian Security and Civil Defence Corps. Members of the Covid-19 Nigeria Security Support Group will continue to follow-up on their responses and institutional actions to address the incidents reported.

3.0 PUBLIC COMPLIANCE TO GOVERNMENT DIRECTIVES ON COVID-19 IN THE NORTH CENTRAL
3.1 Citizens’ Compliance on Government Directives on the use of facemasks in Public Places and Physical Distancing
CLEEN Foundation observers from 30th March to 4th May 2020 (initial total lockdown phase/ period) reported partial level of compliance across the six states and the FCT in the North Central geopolitical zone. For example, in the FCT, reports from Nyanya, Jikwoyi, Bwari, and Lugbe indicated mass movement and convergence of people without recourse to the social/physical distancing and use of facemasks directives. The designated market days were usually overcrowded. From 5th May to 30th June 2020, a mixed level of adherence to the Federal government’s directives was observed. Reports from Federal Housing, Lugbe within Abuja Municipal Area Council showed a lot of motorcycle riders popularly called Okada, were observed commuting without the use of facemasks. It was observed that citizens were clustering in numbers at the roadsides around Kubwa, Lugbe, and Nyanya in a bid to board commercial vehicles going into the city. Residents of Zuba were also reported to have resumed full commercial activities as the fruit market was observed to have been crowded with buyers, sellers, and suppliers without observance of social distance. A similar situation was reported in Utako market. In Gwagwalada, AMAC, Bwari, and Abaji Area Councils of the FCT, citizens continued their daily activities unhindered and motorists were seen conveying people without interference from security agents. The social distancing directive and other preventive guidelines were not followed. However, Kuje and Kwali had a better compliance level by citizens due to the presence of security agents.
In Benue state, reports indicated that from 30th March to 4th May 2020, life in the communal areas within the state remained unchanged. Observations from Otukpo, Okpokwu, and Obi LGAs of the state, showed that residents remained defiant to the social distancing directives as people were seen in clusters at drinking bars and social joints without physical distancing and use of facemasks. Even when the locked down was eased from 5th May to 30th June 2020, observers noted non-compliance in Ohimini, Okpokwu, Ogadibo, Guma, Kwande LGAs of the state. A report from the Primary Health Care Centre at Ohimini LGA of Benue state showed a constant inflow of mothers/patients into the clinic without the use of facemasks. A similar situation was observed in Apa LGA of the state where residents visiting the hospitals within the locality did not make use of facemasks. During the elections into the LGAs in the state, there was no compliance with the use of facemasks and social distancing directive in the entire 23 LGAs and 276 wards in the state. Furthermore, the polling unit officers were not properly kitted against the Covid-19 virus due to a lack of facemasks and other protective kits.
Reports from Plateau State indicated a commendable level of compliance to the state’s lockdown directives at the initial stage of the directive. Security agents were reported to have been friendly but firm in enforcing the order. It was observed that most citizens living in urban areas like Jos North and Jos South LGAs adhered to the state government’s directive on the use of face masks and maintained physical distancing. However, most citizens were reported to have flouted the directive of compulsory use of facemask in public places in LGAs like Kanke, Mikang, Bassa, and Kanam. With the ease of lockdown in the state, reports across Kanam, Qua’n Pan, Barkin Ladi, Bokkos, and Kanke LGAs showed a high level of activities without social distancing. Football matches with spectators in clusters were reported in Jos South LGA of Plateau state.
Similarly, in Niger State, it was observed that most citizens within banks and markets paid no attention to the social distancing directive. During market days, big and small markets were overcrowded. A few people were observed wearing face masks inside the markets during the lockdown. The compliance level reduced minimally with the ease of restrictions across the local government areas. On the Suleja to Minna road, motorists were seen plying the road regularly with less confrontation with security personnel. Within the state capital (Chanchaga, Bosso, and Shiroro Road) things are back to normal. Our observers noted that motorists in the state carried between 6 -10 passengers violating the directives of the state government on physical distancing.

Observations from Nasarawa state stated that citizens went about their daily movements as there was little or no compliance to the state government’s stay home directives despite the closure of markets within the state. In Nasarawa and Keffi LGAs, it was reported that traders displayed their wares in front of the markets and enjoyed large patronage from the residents of the town without observing the Covid-19 precautionary directives. Akwanga and Lafia LGAs of the state witnessed different activities including wedding ceremonies, intrastate movements without compliance with the social distancing directives. Our observers reported little or no compliance by citizens to physical distancing in Obi, Keana, Toto, and Karu LGAs.
Reports from Kwara state showed a positive level of compliance especially within Ilorin South, Offa, and Irepodun LGAs of the state. However, reports from Ifelodun and Baruten LGAs revealed the constant movement of trucks conveying marbles and charcoal to Lagos through the town. It was observed that most of these truck drivers and their crew members did not observe the social distancing directives or make use of facemasks. After the ease of the lockdown, our observers reported zero compliance to the observance of social distancing from Igbaja in Ifelodun, Kaima LGAs, and partial use of facemasks in Asa, Offa and Ekiti LGAs of the state.
In Kogi state, only four cases were recorded out of six samples as of 30th June 2020. The number of infections in the state was a subject of controversy as the Kogi state government claimed they did not have any confirmed COVID-19 case. The staff of the NCDC sent to help the state in May 2020 left the state after they were asked to quarantine for 14 days. The accusations and counter-accusations between the Kogi state government and the NCDC did not help matters and likely put more people at risk of contracting the virus. Our observers witnessed a high level of activities including markets and commercial vehicles operating at full scale. Public and private offices operated without physical distancing measures in Ajaokuta, Kabba, Yagba East, Igalamela, Lokoja, Mopa, and Olamaboro LGAs of the state. After the ease of the lockdown by the federal governments, reports from our observers indicated zero compliance in the use of face masks in Ankpa, Igalamela, Ijumu, Ogori, and Olamaboro LGAs of the state. Furthermore, during the Eid-El-Fitri celebrations, the Muslim faithful joined the state governor at the Eid ground in Lokoja, Kogi state for the Eid-El-Fitri prayers without observing physical distancing and the use of facemasks.

3.2 Citizens’ Compliance to Government imposition of Curfew and Sit at Home Directives
The Federal Capital Territory was relatively more compliant than other states as reports from observers showed that AMAC was totally deserted as citizens complied with the lockdown order. The curfew directive was largely adhered to as commuters as well as motorists in the six Area Councils were observed going home before the start of the curfew. However, there was a case of a taxi driver, Emmanuel Imhoudu who stripped naked when he was arrested for flouting the lockdown order in the FCT. He was later jailed for six months by an Abuja Magistrate Court on a three-count charge with an option of fine (N10, 000 per count) and public apology for not obeying government guidelines on the restriction of movement.

In Nasarawa state, residents did not adhere to the state government’s directives as commercial activities extended beyond the curfew hours in Lafia, Karu, Keffi, Obi, Akwanga, and other LGAs within the state including the Nasarawa LGA that was previously under lockdown as a result of the death of a lawmaker due to Covid-19. Citizens of Nasarawa LGA were reported to have complied with the sit at home order during the lockdown period.

In Benue state, low compliance by residents to the 8:00 pm – 6:00 am curfew was reported in Makurdi, the state capital, and Ogadibo LGAs, while zero compliance was reported in other parts of the state like Gboko, Otukpo and Ushongo LGAs of the state. Observations from Plateau state showed a low level of compliance by citizens to the state government’s lockdown order especially within Mikang, Bassa, Kanam, Jos South, and Jos East LGAs as citizens were reportedly seen moving from one community to another. In Niger state, citizens reported relative compliance by citizens to the lockdown directive at the inception. However, this drastically reduced over time. Reports from Kwara state have shown a relative level of compliance especially within Ilorin South LGA of the state. However, as earlier reported, observers from Ifeolodun and other neighboring LGAs noted a constant movement of trucks conveying marbles and charcoal into Lagos state through the town.

3.3 Citizens’ Compliance on Ban on Public Gathering
Within the reporting period, there was relative compliance across the states and FCT which subsequently diminished. Our reporters observed football competitions within Jos North, Qua’n Pan, Kanke LGAs of Plateau state, and Karu LGA of Nasarawa state. Our observers reported that burials, marriage ceremonies, religious and social activities were held in the rural and suburban areas like Kwande, Agatu, Okpokwu, Ogbadibo, Vandeikya, and Guma LGAs of Benue state despite the state government’s decision to reverse its lift on the ban on religious activities. Various social gatherings were reported around the FCT, Mpape, Kubwa, and Duste Makaranta under Bwari Area Council and Nyanya under AMAC Area Council. The FCT Covid-19 Task Force arrested several people attending birthday parties at drinking bars and gardens within the curfew hours. Two-night clubs and the popular Jabi Lake Mall were shut down within the Abuja municipal council following non-compliance to government directives. Worshippers were seen going for jumat prayers at Zuba and Gwagwalada areas of the FCT during the period of the ban on religious activities. Furthermore, weddings, burials, relaxation spots, markets, and religious gatherings were observed in Lokoja, Dekina, Ofu, and Idah LGAs of Kogi state.

With the ease of the lockdown and opening of worship centers, reports from Bassa LGA indicated some level of compliance by citizens to this directive. In Nasarawa, Niger and Kwara States, observations from religious centers in Nasarawa LGA of the state showed a positive level of compliance by worshippers during the Sunday worship. However, reports across LGAs in Niger and Kwara states showed little or no observation of physical distancing directives at some religious centers monitored by our observers.

4.0 Interstate Movements
The poor compliance to the initial ban on interstate movements across North Central states and the FCT was facilitated by security personnel most of whom were found extorting citizens at the border points. Our Plateau state observers reported that Riyom LGA which is an entry point from Abuja, Kaduna, Nasarawa and many other states constantly experienced heavy traffic of trucks and vehicles going into the state. This situation is not different from Langtang and Jos East LGAs as commercial vehicles from Kano, Bauchi were and Borno were continually observed going into these cities.

Observers from Abaji Area Council of the FCT reported continuous inflow of vehicles along the Abaji-Lokoja highway as commercial vehicles from the South-East and other neighboring states like Benue were seen plying the road. Constant vehicular movements were also observed along Abuja-Keffi expressway and along the Agatu Oweto bridge road that links travelers between Benue, Nasarawa, Kogi States, and Abuja. At this border point, an incident was reported that personnel of the Police Force threatened to open fire on the drivers if a certain amount of money was not given to them. However, reports from Ogadibo LGA of Benue state indicated a substantial level of compliance with the ban on interstate movements as a result of reinforcement of active security personnel manning the entry points from neighboring states.

Reports from Niger state showed constant movements of vehicles on the Zuba-Suleja-Minna road as a result of the activities of compromised security personnel and citizens who continued to travel despite the ban on interstate movements except those on essential duty. There was the regular interception of vehicles that attempted to travel through Kwara state conveying Almajiris as reported on the 9th of May 2020 at Kanbi/Oloru in Moro LGA of the state.

5.0 CONDUCT OF SECURITY PERSONNEL ON COVID-19 ENFORCEMENT DUTIES
5.1 Human Rights Violations
The period under review witnessed human rights abuses from security personnel. For example, a motorcyclist (popularly called Okada) was reportedly assaulted by some security personnel for moving, while vehicles on the lane were asked to stop along the Lokoja-Abuja expressway in Abaji Area Council of the FCT on the 11th of May 2020. In addition, a young man was brutalized by a group of soldiers in Mpape, FCT for failing to comply with the stay-home order on 20 April 2020. At the Nyanya checkpoint, the Covid-19 FCT Ministerial Joint Task Force enforced the use of facemasks by compelling defaulters to sit on bare grounds for several hours. In Nasarawa State, it was reported that members of the Nigerian Army in a bid to enforce compliance resorted to the use of whips on individuals who disobeyed the stay-at-home directives within Nasarawa LGA of the state. This incident resulted in a confrontation between the Military and some residents of the area which left two residents with fractured legs on the 9th of May 2020. There was also the report of the Benue state index case, Mrs. Susan Idoko-Okpe who spent 58 days in isolation center because she was alleged to have tested positive for the coronavirus. She, however, argued that her fundamentals rights were breached because she was in forceful isolation without manifesting any known symptoms of Covid-19, never shown her test results, and treated for malaria parasite only. She was subsequently transferred to Abuja and later released after further tests were conducted on her.
5.2 Extra Judicial Killing
On 11th of May 2020, it was reported that military personnel enforcing the lockdown order, flogged an elderly foodstuff seller to death in Nasarawa LGA of Nasarawa state. The incident was reportedly lodged at the Nasarawa Police Division. Similarly, officials of the Nasarawa State Agency for Youth Empowerment Scheme (NAYES) on the 26th of April 2020 while enforcing the state government’s directives banning commercial motorcyclists used sticks to flag down a motorcyclist carrying a passenger and a gallon of petrol. The altercation led to an explosion and the death of both the cyclist and his passenger who were burnt beyond recognition.

On the 8th of June 2020, a young man was shot dead by a Police officer in the Gwazunu Suleja area of Niger state. It was reported that a suspected thief was caught in the area and was about to be lynched by the youths. In an attempt to salvage the situation, the deceased pleaded that the suspect is taken to the Police station. On their way to the station, some policemen on sighting the crowd and unsure of the reason why the crowd was approaching the station, opened fire and killed the deceased in the process. The Complaint Response Unit of the Nigeria Police Force has acknowledged receipt of the complaint and initiated further investigations.

6.0 Sexual and Gender-Based Violence
Covid-19 pandemic has exacerbated sexual and gender-based violence in Nigeria. Unfortunately, incidents of rape and other sexual and gender-based crimes have multiplied across the geopolitical zone. Among the North Central states and FCT, rape cases have been reported more in Benue state especially against minors. We received reports of a 7-year old girl who was raped by a 27 years old man named Patrick Onoja Igah on June 9th at Ngurute within Ogadibo LGA. He was subsequently arrested and currently in police custody at the Benue State Police Command. Similarly, a report was filed at ‘B’ Division Police Station Makurdi on June 5th, 2020 that 28 years old Terver Awuka defiled a 6-year old girl. Another report indicated that two adolescents of 15 and 14 years respectively reported on the 9th of June 2020 that they were raped by Apaa Gbafan and Igbadoo Ahondu respectively in Gboko LGA of Benue state. The suspects were arrested and investigations are currently ongoing. We also received another report of a young man who raped a married woman in Ado LGA of the state. The culprit is currently in detention at the Ado Police cell in the state. There is another report of a medical doctor named ‘Dr. Ebele was arrested for allegedly raping an 11-year-old girl in Otukpo LGA on the 11th of June 2020. As at the time of the report, he was in the custody of the vigilante security unit outfit in Otukpo. These developments are worrisome and demand urgent attention from security personnel and judicial institutions.

In Nasarawa State, it was reported on the 27th of May 2020 that a 3-month old baby was defiled at Adogi, a suburban area of Lafia, the state capital by 27-year-old Ahmadu Yaro who was arrested by personnel of the Nigerian Security and Civil Defense Corps, Nasarawa State Command. In addition, a 14-year-old junior secondary school student resident in Kubwa was reportedly raped by her grandfather’s 21-year caregiver, Godwin Onuminya. The defendant is currently being prosecuted by the Nigeria Police Force on charges of rape.

7.0 Other Public Safety and Security Incidents
The North Central has historically been susceptible to intermittent outbreaks of violence fueled by disputes over scarce resources, religious and ethno-sectarian tensions exacerbated by climate change, and the politics of survival at the local level. Despite the pandemic, incidences of banditry and communal attacks in the region have been on the rise compounding circumstances in an already charged environment. Between the periods of 30th March to 30th June 2020 lives and properties have been lost and destroyed in the process. No fewer than 6 persons reportedly sustained injuries over a communal clash between Lafiagi and Edogi in Edu LGA of Kwara state. A total of 10 people were killed in a communal clash in Agatu LGA of Benue state. Bandits killed 3 people including 2 Policemen in a shootout in Shiroro LGA of Niger state. Some persons were killed while several others sustained injuries in a clash between Tiv farmers and Fulani herdsmen in Keana LGA of Nasarawa state. The attacks have unsettled most affected communities who have threatened to resort to self-help to salvage the situation as they have lost hope in the Federal and state governments providing security for them. In Kogi state, 8 Policemen and 1 civilian were killed in a bank robbery and Police Station invasion at Yagba East LGA.

8.0 Gaps Identified
• Rise in sexual and gender-based violence in North Central states and FCT especially in Benue state.
• Accusations and counter-accusations between the Nigeria Centre for Disease Control and the Kogi State Government on the existence of confirmed Covid19 cases in the state.
• Non-adherence by citizens to government-imposed precautionary guidelines to curb the spread of the Covid-19 pandemic.
• Extortion of transporters by security personnel continued to encourage interstate movement despite restrictions imposed by the federal and state governments.
• Non-adherence to the ban on interstate movement by non-essential service providers resulted in more backlash.
• Absence of sufficient testing centers in the North Central states and FCT. There is a need for increased community testing due to the current stage of infection in the country.
• Observations from Kogi and Benue states have shown a worrying perception by citizens questioning the existence of the Covid-19 pandemic. This is because some members of the populace view it as a ploy by the government to embezzle funds, hence the nonchalant attitude towards the Federal/State government’s precautionary guidelines.

9.0 Recommendations

• There is a need for states to develop systematic mechanisms to deal with rising cases of sexual and gender-based violence.
• There is a need for coordination between the Kogi State Government and the NCDC to reduce possible exposure to citizens of the state.
• Citizens’ enlightenment campaigns and awareness programs on the need for physical distancing and proper use of facemasks should be intensified by the various state governments in North Central of Nigeria.
• Effective oversight of security personnel implementing border control measures and implementing government directives.
• Police officers found guilty of extorting citizens and violating human rights should be disciplined appropriately to serve as a deterrent to other officers. Those who have excelled in the line of duty should be publicly commended.
• There should be coordination between various state governments in the North Central and Abuja on aggressive contact tracing of all infected persons and those who may have been exposed to the virus.
• The Federal and State Governments should expedite action on establishing Covid-19 testing centers across the states to increase their testing capacities and emphasize the need for voluntary testing by citizens.
• More attention to citizens should be drawn to the realities of the pandemic through rapid sensitization programs and awareness campaigns.

May God bless the Federal Republic of Nigeria and heal our land.

Signed by:

1. Benson Olugbuo, PhD
Executive Director, CLEEN Foundation
Convenor, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

2. Muazu Alhaji Modu
Chief Executive, Spotlight for Transparency and Accountability
Yobe State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

3. Saviour Akpan Esq.
Executive Director COMPPART Foundation for Justice and Peacebuilding
Akwa Ibom State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

4. Enoch, Nyayiti Raymond
Executive Director, Center for Environmental Education and Development (CEED), Jalingo
Taraba State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

5. Abdullahi Lawali
Executive Director, Health Standard Concern Organization
Zamfara State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

6. Eunice Abimbola Agbogun
Executive Director. Challenged Parenthood Initiative, Lokoja
Kogi State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

7. Olumide Fidelis Igbodipe
Ogun State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

8. Abubakar Jibril
Department of Sociology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto
Kebbi State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

9. Tijani Abdulkareem,
Executive Director, Socio-Economic Research & Development Centre
Niger State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

10. Muddassir Ahmad Gado,
Department of Sociology, Usmanu Danfodiyo University, Sokoto
Sokoto State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

11. Orugbo, Ovuodo Endurance
Centre for Peace and Environmental Justice
Delta State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

12. Muhammad Yolde GIDADO,
Chairman, Centre for Health & Development in Africa (CHEDA), Yola
Adamawa State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

13. Ehiahuruike Ugochi
Executive Director, Social and Integral Development Centre (SIDEC)
Anambra State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

14. Idris Mohammed
Founder/Executive Director of Sulhu Development Initiative
Katsina State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

15. Authority Benson
Center for Peace and Environmental Justice
Bayelsa State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

16. Mbami Iliya Sabka
Executive Director, Prison Inmate Development Initiative
Bauchi State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

17. Alo Martins
Executive Director, Upline Centre for Development,
Ondo State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

18. Mandu Obot
Global Peace Development
Cross River State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

19. Gupar Maurice Dazuhur
Community Action for Popular Participation
Plateau State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

20. Emmanuel U. Obasi,
Production/ Facility Manager, BioResources Institute of Nigeria
Imo State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

21. Bukola Idowu Kimpact: Bukola Idowu
Executive Director, Kimpact Development Initiative
Osun State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

22. Sarah Alalade Esq.
Human Rights Monitor, Kaduna
Kaduna State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

23. Sam Ekwuribe,
Executive Director, Pathtogrowth Entrepreneurship Centre, Aba
Abia State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group
24. Emmanuel Acha
Executive Director, Youth Forum for Social Change (YOFSOC)
Enugu State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

25. Nkiruka Harrison
Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group, Federal Capital Territory

26. Pastor Gabriel Odom,
Executive Director, Agape Foundation for Literacy and Rural Development,
Ebonyi State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

27. Akumazi, Kevin Udoka,
Global Peace Development,
Rivers State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

28. Muhammad Maishahada
Program Manager, PADAC Foundation
Jigawa State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

29. Ambassador Onoja
President, Next Generation Youth Initiative International (NeGYII),
Benue State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

30. Jude Ndoh Esq
Police Community Relations Committee (PCRC)
Lagos State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

31. Kehinde Adegbite Esq
Legal Practitioner
Oyo State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

32. Tijani Abdulkareem,
Executive Director, Socio-Economic Research & Development Centre SERDEC
Niger State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

33. Annie Umoru
Deputy Coordinator-General, Edo Civil Society Organization
Edo State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

34. Mohammed Bello
Founder/Chief Executive Officer,
African Centre for Innovative Research and Development (AFRI-CIRD)
Kano State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group
35. Boyi Gagaya
Borno Coalition for Democracy and Progress
Borno State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

36. Rita Ilevbare Esq
Chief Executive Director, Gender Relevance Initiative Promotion
Ekiti State Coordinator, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

37. Fatima Ekundayo
Coordinator Nasarawa State, COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

38. Zainab Abdulmumini Abubakar
Gombe State Coordinator
MD Crystal Justice Initiative for legal Advancement
COVID-19 Nigeria Security Support Group

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